Dry Dredgers Field Trip
March 23, 2002
To a Northern Kentucky Road Cut
Southgate Member, Kope Formation

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Some of the fossils found that day.

This is a really nice fragment a huge coiled Cephalopod! Normally, the nautiloid Cephalopods found in this area have straight shells. It is a rare find when one is curled or coiled.

This limestone and shale mixture was pulled out of one of the several mollusc layers on the site. Note first the great variety of gastropods (snail shells) on this rock. Closer examination of the surface revealed a structure with ridged plates (shown in the black box, but not clear in the photo). This structure could be a number of things and requires a professional to correctly identify. It could be a Conularia (jellyfish shell) or a Machaeridian (a problematic fossil), among others. Whatever it is. It's probably rare and special.
A note to all who attended this trip:
Closely examine the rocks you took home from this trip with a hand lens or microscope of at least 10X power. Most of the best finds from these layers are too small to be spotted with the naked eye!

This site is also famous for shale and bryozoan nodules that have holdfasts of the very large crinoid Anamolocrinus on BOTH sides of the nodules! One was found this trip! (Above showing both sides). This is particularly meaningful to science, because it indicates the cobble was tossed by the rough Ordovician Ocean currents and has repeatedly been encrusted by epizoans (encrusters).    

Other crinoids found today include nice sized crinoid calyxes of Ectenocrinus simplex, pictured above with it's proud finder. 

Smaller specimens of Ectenocrinus simplex were also found.

Here's a VERY nice find. It's a Cincinnaticrinus varibrachialus in shale with a long stem and arms that are not often preserved. This specimen will look exceptionally nice when it is carefully cleaned up. I'll bet Jack Kallmeyer (President) would like to pocket this one!

The massive crinoid stems on some of these rocks really stand out due to the difference in color, as shown in the specimen above.

Here is a very unusual item found that day. I have no idea what it is, but it may be a rare Echinoderm and must be very uncommon. It might be a carpoid! Or it could be a new variety of an algae similar to Receptaculites that has recently been found at a neighboring site. No mater what this thing is, it's a great find!  

And, of course, we found an abundance of molluscs. Here's a nice, big Nautiloid Cephalopod.

This site contains a few layers of fossil hash. Here's a really nice rock with All kinds of things on it, including crinoid stems, Flexicalymene trilobite and Isotelus trilobite molt parts (see big Isotelus thorax segment in the first of these two pictures. The second picture shows a closeup of a really nicely preserved pelecypod (clam). This one is probably of the genus Ambonychia.

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